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AI 딥러닝/강화학습

Tensorflow2로 만든 SAC 코드: Pendulum-v0

by 세인트워터멜론 2021. 6. 1.

OpenAI Gym에서 제공하는 Pendulum-v0 환경을 대상으로 1개의 Q 신경망과 타깃 Q 신경망을 사용한 SAC 알고리즘을 Tensorflow2 코드로 구현하였다.

 

 

학습결과는 다음과 같다. 200회의 에피소드만에 학습이 완료됐다.

 

다음은 학습이 끝난 후 진자(pendulum)의 움직임이다.

 

 

SAC 코드는 액터-크리틱 신경망을 구현하고 학습시키기 위한 sac_learn.py, 이를 실행시키기 위한 sac_main.py, 학습을 마친 신경망 파라미터를 읽어와 에이전트를 구동하기 위한 sac_load_play.py, 그리고 리플레이 버퍼를 구현한 replaybuffer.py로 구성되어 있다.

전체 코드 구조는 다음과 같다.

 

다음은 Tensorflow2 코드다.

 

 

sac_learn.py

 

# SAC learn (tf2 subclassing version)
# coded by St.Watermelon

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from tensorflow.keras.models import Model
from tensorflow.keras.layers import Input, Dense, Lambda, concatenate
from tensorflow.keras.optimizers import Adam
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_probability as tfp

from replaybuffer import ReplayBuffer


# actor network
class Actor(Model):

    def __init__(self, action_dim, action_bound):
        super(Actor, self).__init__()

        self.action_dim = action_dim
        self.action_bound = action_bound
        self.std_bound = [1e-2, 1.0]  # std bound

        self.h1 = Dense(64, activation='relu')
        self.h2 = Dense(32, activation='relu')
        self.h3 = Dense(16, activation='relu')
        self.mu = Dense(action_dim, activation='tanh')
        self.std = Dense(action_dim, activation='softplus')


    def call(self, state):
        x = self.h1(state)
        x = self.h2(x)
        x = self.h3(x)
        mu = self.mu(x)
        std = self.std(x)

        # Scale output to [-action_bound, action_bound]
        mu = Lambda(lambda x: x*self.action_bound)(mu)
        # clipping std
        std = tf.clip_by_value(std, self.std_bound[0], self.std_bound[1])

        return mu, std

    def sample_normal(self, mu, std):
        normal_prob = tfp.distributions.Normal(mu, std)
        action = normal_prob.sample()
        action = tf.clip_by_value(action, -self.action_bound, self.action_bound)
        log_pdf = normal_prob.log_prob(action)
        log_pdf = tf.reduce_sum(log_pdf, 1, keepdims=True)

        return action, log_pdf


# critic network
class Critic(Model):

    def __init__(self):
        super(Critic, self).__init__()

        self.x1 = Dense(32, activation='relu')
        self.a1 = Dense(32, activation='relu')
        self.h2 = Dense(32, activation='relu')
        self.h3 = Dense(16, activation='relu')
        self.q = Dense(1, activation='linear')


    def call(self, state_action):
        state = state_action[0]
        action = state_action[1]
        x = self.x1(state)
        a = self.a1(action)
        h = concatenate([x, a], axis=-1)
        x = self.h2(h)
        x = self.h3(x)
        q = self.q(x)
        return q


class SACagent(object):

    def __init__(self, env):

        ## hyperparameters
        self.GAMMA = 0.95
        self.BATCH_SIZE = 32
        self.BUFFER_SIZE = 20000
        self.ACTOR_LEARNING_RATE = 0.0001
        self.CRITIC_LEARNING_RATE = 0.001
        self.TAU = 0.001
        self.ALPHA = 0.5

        self.env = env
        # get state dimension
        self.state_dim = env.observation_space.shape[0]
        # get action dimension
        self.action_dim = env.action_space.shape[0]
        # get action bound
        self.action_bound = env.action_space.high[0]

        ## create actor and critic networks
        self.actor = Actor(self.action_dim, self.action_bound)
        self.actor.build(input_shape=(None, self.state_dim))

        self.critic = Critic()
        self.target_critic = Critic()

        state_in = Input((self.state_dim,))
        action_in = Input((self.action_dim,))
        self.critic([state_in, action_in])
        self.target_critic([state_in, action_in])

        self.actor.summary()
        self.critic.summary()

        # optimizer
        self.actor_opt = Adam(self.ACTOR_LEARNING_RATE)
        self.critic_opt = Adam(self.CRITIC_LEARNING_RATE)

        ## initialize replay buffer
        self.buffer = ReplayBuffer(self.BUFFER_SIZE)

        # save the results
        self.save_epi_reward = []

    ## actor policy
    def get_action(self, state):
        mu, std = self.actor(state)
        action, _ = self.actor.sample_normal(mu, std)
        return action.numpy()[0]


    ## transfer actor weights to target actor with a tau
    def update_target_network(self, TAU):
        phi = self.critic.get_weights()
        target_phi = self.target_critic.get_weights()
        for i in range(len(phi)):
            target_phi[i] = TAU * phi[i] + (1 - TAU) * target_phi[i]
        self.target_critic.set_weights(target_phi)


    ## single gradient update on a single batch data
    def critic_learn(self, states, actions, q_targets):
        with tf.GradientTape() as tape:
            q = self.critic([states, actions], training=True)
            loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.square(q-q_targets))

        grads = tape.gradient(loss, self.critic.trainable_variables)
        self.critic_opt.apply_gradients(zip(grads, self.critic.trainable_variables))


    ## train the actor network
    def actor_learn(self, states):
        with tf.GradientTape() as tape:
            mu, std = self.actor(states, training=True)
            actions, log_pdfs = self.actor.sample_normal(mu, std)
            log_pdfs = tf.squeeze(log_pdfs, 1)
            soft_q = self.critic([states, actions])

            loss = tf.reduce_mean(self.ALPHA * log_pdfs - soft_q)

        grads = tape.gradient(loss, self.actor.trainable_variables)
        self.actor_opt.apply_gradients(zip(grads, self.actor.trainable_variables))


    ## computing soft Q target
    def q_target(self, rewards, q_values, dones):
        y_k = np.asarray(q_values)
        for i in range(q_values.shape[0]): # number of batch
            if dones[i]:
                y_k[i] = rewards[i]
            else:
                y_k[i] = rewards[i] + self.GAMMA * q_values[i]
        return y_k


    ## load actor weights
    def load_weights(self, path):
        self.actor.load_weights(path + 'pendulum_actor.h5')
        self.critic.load_weights(path + 'pendulum_critic.h5')


    ## train the agent
    def train(self, max_episode_num):

        # initial transfer model weights to target model network
        self.update_target_network(1.0)

        for ep in range(int(max_episode_num)):

            # reset episode
            time, episode_reward, done = 0, 0, False
            # reset the environment and observe the first state
            state = self.env.reset()

            while not done:
                # visualize the environment
                #self.env.render()
                # pick an action: shape = (1,)
                action = self.get_action(tf.convert_to_tensor([state], dtype=tf.float32))
                # clip continuous action to be within action_bound
                action = np.clip(action, -self.action_bound, self.action_bound)
                # observe reward, new_state
                next_state, reward, done, _ = self.env.step(action)
                # add transition to replay buffer
                train_reward = (reward + 8) / 8

                self.buffer.add_buffer(state, action, train_reward, next_state, done)

                if self.buffer.buffer_count() > 1000:  # start train after buffer has some amounts

                    # sample transitions from replay buffer
                    states, actions, rewards, next_states, dones = self.buffer.sample_batch(self.BATCH_SIZE)

                    # predict target soft Q-values
                    next_mu, next_std = self.actor(tf.convert_to_tensor(next_states, dtype=tf.float32))
                    next_actions, next_log_pdf = self.actor.sample_normal(next_mu, next_std)

                    target_qs = self.target_critic([next_states, next_actions])

                    target_qi = target_qs - self.ALPHA * next_log_pdf

                    # compute TD targets
                    y_i = self.q_target(rewards, target_qi.numpy(), dones)

                    # train critic using sampled batch
                    self.critic_learn(tf.convert_to_tensor(states, dtype=tf.float32),
                                      tf.convert_to_tensor(actions, dtype=tf.float32),
                                      tf.convert_to_tensor(y_i, dtype=tf.float32))

                    # train actor
                    self.actor_learn(tf.convert_to_tensor(states, dtype=tf.float32))

                    # update both target network
                    self.update_target_network(self.TAU)

                # update current state
                state = next_state
                episode_reward += reward
                time += 1

            ## display rewards every episode
            print('Episode: ', ep+1, 'Time: ', time, 'Reward: ', episode_reward)

            self.save_epi_reward.append(episode_reward)


            ## save weights every episode
            #print('Now save')
            self.actor.save_weights("./save_weights/pendulum_actor.h5")
            self.critic.save_weights("./save_weights/pendulum_critic.h5")

        np.savetxt('./save_weights/pendulum_epi_reward.txt', self.save_epi_reward)
        print(self.save_epi_reward)


    ## save them to file if done
    def plot_result(self):
        plt.plot(self.save_epi_reward)
        plt.show()

 

 

 

 

 

 

sac_main.py

 

# SAC main (tf2 subclassing API version)
# coded by St.Watermelon

import gym
from sac_learn2 import SACagent

def main():

    max_episode_num = 200
    env = gym.make("Pendulum-v0")
    agent = SACagent(env)

    agent.train(max_episode_num)

    agent.plot_result()



if __name__=="__main__":
    main()

 

 

sac_load_play.py

 

# SAC load and play (tf2 subclassing API version)
# coded by St.Watermelon

import gym
from sac_learn2 import SACagent
import tensorflow as tf

def main():

    env = gym.make("Pendulum-v0")
    agent = SACagent(env)

    agent.load_weights('./save_weights/')

    time = 0
    state = env.reset()

    while True:
        env.render()
        action = agent.actor(tf.convert_to_tensor([state], dtype=tf.float32))[0][0]
        state, reward, done, _ = env.step(action)
        time += 1

        print('Time: ', time, 'Reward: ', reward)

        if done:
            break

    env.close()

if __name__=="__main__":
    main()

 

 

 

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